What are the 4 types of graduate essay editing?


The ability to sensibly, competently, coherently, and convincingly express thoughts in writing remains necessary and certainly is in demand in modern society. That is why teachers are obliged to help their students acquire and improve this skill. And in order to test it, graduate essay writing is introduced into the studying process.

Any essay should meet such criteria as integrity, coherence, and consistency. They become the result not only of the writing itself but also of the proper editing. If you do not know where to start, contact the graduate school essay editing service and get the required help. Here we are going to introduce four main types of editing that are used by professionals.


The aim of this first editing type is to perceive the essay as a whole text. The editor must check if there are any uncorrected semantic or compositional issues, or stylistic errors. He pays attention to writing names, numbers, dates, and other similar points.

Also, he has to make a conclusion about whether or not the essay corresponds to the given topic and clearly substitutes the opinion of the author. That will lead to the understanding of further editing steps.

Decreasing the volume

The important task here is shortening the text volume, which may occur because of the following reasons:

  • The requirement to meet a given volume – a certain amount of lines, printed sheets.
  • The task is to take out the disadvantages such as repetitions, unnecessary details, similar examples, etc. Such reduction is a needed condition for improving the quality of the text. The editor removes lengthiness and achieves a more rigorous and clear compositional construction necessary for the best disclosure of the topic.

Such editing, in contrast to the previous one, can change the initial essay a lot. However, the whole structure and the style of the author have to be maintained.

Basic changes

Another task of the editor is to replace some words or phrases that sound unnatural. It is necessary to achieve the accuracy of the whole text, and clearness of the construction. The editor also eliminates everything that makes the essay hard to understand and read.

At this step, the essay is often read aloud. This simple but powerful tool easily reveals all the weak points and places where the changes are necessary.


This type can be utilized while working on essays of those authors who have little experience in writing tasks. The aim is to take the initial idea and create the new text taking only small parts of the first draft.

Sometimes it is easier to compile a coherent text this way. However, it is better to do this together with the author to help him understand why this or that way of writing was used.

It should be noted that the described above division is not strict. The main task of this process is to skillfully combine different techniques while editing an essay and discuss the improvements with the author in order to get the perfect result.

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